Civil servant in India (ICS) for eleven years (1913-1923), "His primary interest was in history and education. He was principal of Government College, Lahore, for a time. Later, he served as political secretary to the Indian Round Table Conferences." (Chronicles of the Raj, Shamsul Islam, Macmillan, 1979). He served as a member of the British Labour Party. He was the Manchester Guardian correspondent during the Abyssinian War.